Hebron (Al-Khalil: الخليل in Arabic; and Hevron: חברון in Hebrew) is a city located in the southern part of the West Bank, and approximately 30 kilometres south of Jerusalem. Following the 1995 Oslo Agreement, the 1997 Hebron Agreement split the city into two sectors: H1, controlled by the Palestinian Authority, and H2 controlled by Israel. According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS), Hebron has over 160,000 Sunni Muslim Arab residents. The article "Hebron: Historical Background and Statistics" published by the Israeli Ministry of Foreign Affairs states that Hebron's Jewish population is comprised of 45 Jewish families and around 150 yeshiva students. Only three Christian people live in this city.
Around 120,000 Palestinians live in H1, while around 30,000 Palestinians along with Israelis remain under Israeli military control in H2. Jews are prohibited from entering the H1, and the IDF (Israel Defense Forces) may not enter H1 unless under Palestinian escort. Palestinians cannot approach areas where settlers live without special permits from the IDF.